“Diamond-Like Carbon Chromatography Columns”
A groundbreaking new product, now officially available!
September 15, 2023
What is a diamond chromatography column?
Is it related to actual diamonds?
Where does the brilliance on the surface of the diamond column come from?
What are the unique performance characteristics of a diamond column?
To answer these questions, let’s start with the most basic structure of a chromatography column: the chromatography packing material and the stainless steel column tube.
Traditionally, people have been accustomed to this combination and may not have seen any issues with it.
However, for the older generation of chromatography column research scientists, they are well aware that such a combination had inherent problems right from the beginning.
As Professor Zhang Weibing, the Chief Separation and Purification Scientist at Welch, puts it, “Everyone knows that the current liquid chromatography columns are packed with high-purity silica gel, how pure is it? Five nines! Such pure silica gel packing material, with very low metal impurities, is housed in a metal column tube. Do you think this is a suitable combination?”
However, high-performance liquid chromatography instruments operate at high pressures, and glass or PEEK (polyetheretherketone) column tubes cannot withstand such high pressures. Only metal column tubes are up to the task. But the use of stainless steel column tubes also brings its own set of issues, including non-specific adsorption in chromatography columns, long passivation times, increased relative standard deviation (RSD), and excessively wide peak widths.
During a visit to an aerospace facility, Professor Zhang made an unexpected discovery: the face masks worn by Chinese astronauts when entering space were coated with a special treatment. This coating was exceptionally hard and extremely hydrophobic. Inspired by this finding, Professor Zhang returned with great excitement and immediately organized a research and development effort, embarking on a journey to explore the “diamond column tube.”
From aerospace materials to chromatography columns, the diamond chromatography column can be considered a revolutionary breakthrough in the world of chromatography. It makes stainless steel column tubes a suitable match for high-purity silica gel!
Today, with the official launch of the diamond chromatography column, its appearance is truly remarkable. Thanks to the diamond coating technology, the chromatography column emits a dazzling array of colors, akin to the radiance of the dawn. In terms of practical application, the diamond column excels in the realm of large biomolecules, metal-sensitive small molecules, and particularly in UHPLC and LC/MS analyses where high sensitivity is crucial. The mass spectrometry peak signals are ten times larger compared to regular chromatography columns, and the peak heights are significantly disparate, akin to “towering peaks.
The Characteristics of Diamond Columns:
- Inert Column Tube: Effectively reduces non-specific adsorption.
- Improved Peak Shapes: Enhances separation efficiency.
- Flatter Baselines: Increases sensitivity.
- Significant Reduction in Sample Residues: Decreases column activation and passivation times, thereby improving experimental efficiency.
Welch is now introducing two specifications of diamond columns:
|Serial Number||Product Name||Specification|
|00237-33943||Xtimate® DLC SEC-300||4.6×250mm，5μm|
|00201-11910||Ultisil® DLC UHPLC XB-C18||2.1×50mm，1.8μm|
Let’s take a look at the performance of these two diamond pillars in practical combat scenarios below!
Separation and Detection of Bovine Serum Albumin
4.6×250mm, 5μm, Stainless Steel Column Tube
Xtimate® DLC SEC-300
4.6×250mm, 5μm, Diamond-Coated Column Tube
|Mobile Phase||Anhydrous sodium dihydrogen phosphate 8.99g+|
Anhydrous disodium hydrogen phosphate 10.65g to 1000mL water,
Sample Solution: Precisely weigh the appropriate amount of BSA and dissolve it in the mobile phase, diluting it to prepare a sample solution containing 0.1 mg per 1 mL.
● The chromatogram peaks on the diamond column exhibit a more symmetrical shape.
● The diamond column shows a higher response value, and there is a significant improvement in peak tailing.
To enhance sensitivity.
The detection of dexamethasone sodium phosphate
|Instrument Model||AB Sciex TRIPLE QUAD 4500|
|Column||Ultisil® UHPLC XB-C18,|
(2.1×50mm, 1.8μm, stainless steel column tube)
Ultisil® DLC UHPLC XB-C18,
(2.1×50mm1.8μm, diamond column tube)
|Mobile Phase||A: 5mmol/L ammonium formate solution;|
B: Acetonitrile-methanol (1:1)
|Time(min)||Mobile phase A(%)||Mobile phase B(%)|
Mass Spectrometry Conditions
Ion Source: Electrospray Ionization (ESI)
Scanning Mode: Positive Ion Scan
Detection Mode: Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) Mode
Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) parameters
● The diamond column minimizes non-specific adsorption on the chromatographic column to a maximum extent, achieving high-resolution separation, and demonstrating higher sensitivity and response values.
● The peak signals on the diamond column are approximately ten times larger, indicating a significant advantage of diamond-coated chromatographic columns for testing metal-sensitive compounds under liquid chromatographic conditions, providing higher sensitivity and superior performance.
- Recommended for the analysis of biomacromolecules, such as oligonucleotides, peptides, monoclonal antibodies, bispecific antibodies, ADCs, etc.
- Suitable for the analysis of small molecules prone to chelate with metals.
- Ideal for UHPLC or LC/MS analysis with high sensitivity requirements.